This contribution is a brief review of the prohibition of psychoactive substances, mainly of medicinal plants at an international level, finding that the westernization of knowledge presents one of the obstacles when applying ancestral knowledge about herbal medicines.
In addition, it looks at the intersections between the fourth industrial revolution, the use of psychedelics and mental health.
Keywords: Psychedelics, Mental Health, Human Rights
Sacred plants have a number of phenomena that revolve around their ritual and medicinal use, as
well as being seen as carrying a bond with the sphere of the sacred. México is the country that has
the greatest diversity of sacred plants in the Americas because its indigenous groups have a
magical-religious relationship with them.
In the beginning of the study of sacred plants, psilocybin, mescaline and ergotamine began to be
classified as classical psychedelics, this categorization was of great help to psychiatry and
neuroscience in the 1950s and 1960s.